Indonesia has more bird flu deaths; Azerbaijan probes possible cluster

first_imgMar 10, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – The human toll of H5N1 avian influenza mounted again today with reports of the deaths of two young Indonesian patients, while authorities in Azerbaijan were investigating a cluster of 10 suspected human cases in one village.The World Health Organization (WHO) listed one of the Indonesian victims as a 4-year-old boy from Semarang in central Java who fell ill on Feb 10 and died Feb 28.The other victim was a 12-year-old girl who died Mar 1 in Solo, also in central Java, according to an Associated Press (AP) report citing Health Minister Siti Fadilah Supari as the source. The report said the WHO reference laboratory in Hong Kong had confirmed the case.The AP also reported on the boy from Semarang but described him as a 3-year-old. Indonesian Health Ministry official Hariadi Wibisono said his case was confirmed by a local lab and later by a lab in Atlanta, according to the story.The WHO said an investigation showed that the boy lived in a neighborhood where chickens had died shortly before he became ill. The AP report said both patients “appeared to have come into contact with infected birds.”The two cases apparently raise Indonesia’s count of human cases to 29 with 22 deaths and the global tally to 177 cases with 98 deaths, though the WHO has not yet noted the 12-year-old girl’s case at this writing.Agricultural authorities have reported a recent increase in poultry deaths in central and eastern Java, the WHO said, adding, “These reports have led to a heightened awareness of the risk of human cases and a higher level of clinical suspicion when patients present with respiratory symptoms.”Many Indonesian patients initially suspected of having avian flu have been cleared by lab tests, the WHO added.In Azerbaijan, authorities are investigating suspicious illnesses in 10 people, all from the same town, of whom three have died, the WHO reported in a separate statement today. Azerbaijan, a former Soviet republic on the west side of the Caspian Sea, reported its first H5N1 outbreak in wild birds on Feb 9 and found an outbreak in poultry 2 weeks ago.The patients in the cluster are all from the settlement of Daikyand in the Salyan area in southeastern Azerbaijan, the WHO said. Their homes are near wetlands used by migratory birds, and poultry deaths have been reported in their town, but the cause was not yet known.The surviving patients include a 16-year-old boy who is hospitalized in critical condition and six people who were hospitalized with mild symptoms but have recovered and been discharged, the WHO said.Among the three patients who died was a 17-year-old girl who succumbed on Feb 23 after suffering for more than a year from respiratory symptoms associated with a “neoplastic condition” (tumor), the agency said. The preexisting illness is now believed to have caused her death, but samples from her will be tested in England.The second victim was a 20-year-old woman and a neighbor of the first victim. She had rapidly progressive acute pneumonia—typical of H5N1 cases—and died Mar 3, the WHO said. The third victim, a 17-year-old girl, died Mar 8; officials gave no details on her illness.The agency did not say whether any of the patients or victims are related. But an Agence France-Presse report published yesterday quoted WHO spokeswoman Maria Cheng as saying the cluster includes eight members of one family.If any of the cases are determined to be H5N1, Azerbaijan will be the eighth country to face human cases. The list now includes Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, China, Turkey, and Iraq.The WHO said the Azerbaijani health authorities have responded well to the situation but have been hampered by a lack of some essential equipment and inadequate diagnostic capacity. A WHO team is in the country to assess needs and provide technical support, and more personnel and supplies are due to arrive Mar 13, the agency said.The patients in the cluster have been treated with oseltamivir (Tamiflu), a limited supply of which is available in the country, the WHO said.See also:WHO statement on case of 4-year-old boy in Indonesiahttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_03_10/en/index.htmlWHO statement on situation in Azerbaijanhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_03_10a/en/index.htmllast_img read more

‘Transitional PSBB’: A deciding chapter for Jakarta’s new normal

first_imgLess than a month since the central government’s first call to “co-exist” with the coronavirus, Jakarta is among the first provinces in Indonesia to ease restrictions and begin the transition to the new normal.Governor Anies Baswdan said the move to ease large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) was necessary as the capital was suffering from an economic downturn. It experienced an unprecedented 45 percent fall in tax revenue, leading to drastic cuts in spending.Anies extended the PSBB, also known as a partial lockdown, for the third time, on June 4, announcing that the month would be Jakarta’s “transition” period, after research data showed that the epidemiological trend of news cases and deaths had declined. To detail the protocols for Jakarta reopening, Anies has issued Gubernatorial Regulation No. 51/2020 on the implementation of the transitional PSBB. The Banten administration has also issued a similar regulation.During the easing period, Jakarta is gradually opening places of worship, workplaces, public places, public transportation and educational institutions, but still requires health protocols in those sectors.Some of the health measures are adapted from PSBB regulations and the common health standards such as maintaining 1 meter distance between each other, avoiding gatherings and wearing a face mask in public places.Other measures, specifically those for businesses, are adapted from the health ministerial decree on the new normal, including the order to apply proper sanitation and the formation of a COVID-19 handling team in workplaces.Read also: Health minister issues ‘new normal’ guidelines for workplacesThe most significant feature in the transitional PSBB is the limitation of visitors or workers to 50 percent applied to all reopened sectors. Exceptions are only made for private vehicles — with passengers listed on the same family card — and motorcycle taxis, which are allowed to operate at full capacity.Businesses that record new confirmed or suspected cases in their workplaces are required to stop operations for at least 24 hours and conduct a disinfection process. Managements are not allowed to lay off workers who are under self-isolation or quarantine.During the transition period, the regulation says all roads should be prioritized for pedestrians and cyclists for their daily mobility. The city will also carry out parking control on off-street spaces through parking space limits.In places of worship, the transition period requires disinfection of floors, walls and building equipment before and after each worship activity. Every worshipper is required to bring his or her own worship equipment.Sanctions against PSBB violations in the earlier regulation remain in place, including community service in the form of public sanitation duty or a fine of Rp 250,000 (US$17.84) for those caught not wearing a mask in public.Stages of reopeningThe Jakarta administration has prepared two stages for the transitional PSBB, which is stipulated in Gubernatorial Decree No. 563/2020. The first stage targets businesses, houses of worship, social and cultural activities and mobility of vehicles.An “emergency brake policy” will also be in place to stop the reopening of those sectors if the number of cases surges. By the end of June, the city will consider whether it is feasible to proceed to the second stage, which includes the reopening of schools. The transitional PSBB period will serve as an early chapter of Jakarta’s new normal that Anies said would only apply to strategic sectors with manageable risks, in line with Jokowi’s directive to reopen the economy carefully and gradually.The Jakarta administration also vowed to push stronger enforcement and public compliance.How relaxed are the transitional PSBB?The central government has issued a health ministerial decree regarding the new normal guidelines which mandate new health protocols both during and after the PSBB period.center_img Interactive content by FlourishThe transitional PSBB applies to most, but not all areas. Out of about 2,700 community units in Jakarta, there are 66 reportedly still in the “red zone” for virus transmission, and therefore excluded from the easing period.“For the red zones, I hope the mayors and regents can lead in controlling transmission. […] If the previous control was more at the provincial level, now we are starting to work at the city and regency level,” Anies said during a recent internal meeting.The transitional PSBB regulation also stipulates that areas that fail the transitional phase will be asked to return to implementing the original PSBB, with strict restrictions and control carried out locally.Concerns over congestion due to higher people mobilityWith the half capacity policy also applied to public transportation, the increased likelihood of traffic congestion and passenger buildup during and after the easing period has sparked concern among transportation experts.COVID-19 national task force chief Doni Monardo claimed during his monitoring on Monday morning that commuter compliance with health protocols had improved, but packed bus and railway stations could be found throughout Greater Jakarta.“The underlying matter is not the public adherence to health protocols, but more the capacity of mass public transportation modes to guarantee physical distancing, especially during rush hour,” Djoko Setijowarno from the Indonesian Transportation Society (MTI) told The Jakarta Post on Friday.PT Kereta Commuter Indonesia (KCI) has begun operating 935 trips per day, an increase of 161 from the number of trips during the previous PSBB period. However, as a state-owned train operator, it has followed the Transportation Ministry’s 35 to 40 percent capacity instead of Jakarta’s half capacity policy.Djoko said if businesses run at the same pace as before the pandemic, the capacity of mass public transportation in Greater Jakarta would not be enough to accommodate proper physical distancing.In the transitional PSBB regulation, Anies requires businesses to build systems that regulate the distribution of working days, working hours and work shifts.Jakarta is also considering reinstating the odd-even license plate policy, which has been stopped since March 15.Djoko said traffic congestion might be even worse than before the pandemic because more people would avoid using public transportation for fear of infection and therefore, reinstating the traffic policy might lead to chaos if the government is unable to provide adequate public transportation with physical distancing.“What is rational now is to control public activities in the new normal period with manageable intensity,” he said, adding that businesses should still apply a work-from-home policy.Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) Southeast Asia director Faela Sufa recommended that businesses arrange their own safety policies for the new normal, such as telecommuting, as well as working schedule division and shuttle buses for employees.“During the time of crisis, emergency vehicles or medical and logistics vehicles and key workers must receive priority. Therefore, allowing the transition of mobility to private vehicles that will definitely cause more traffic is not an option,” she said.Topics :last_img read more

European season will finish in August, says UEFA chief

first_imgUEFA has a plan to finish the 2019-20 season by August, including the Champions League and Europa League campaigns, the European soccer governing body’s president Aleksander Ceferin has said. Loading… Promoted ContentThe Models Of Paintings Whom The Artists Were Madly In Love With10 Risky Jobs Some Women DoBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever Made8 Superfoods For Growing Hair Back And Stimulating Its GrowthWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?A Soviet Shot Put Thrower’s Record Hasn’t Been Beaten To This Day8 Fascinating Facts About CoffeeThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read More6 Extreme Facts About Hurricanes7 Universities Where Getting An Education Costs A Hefty PennyA Hurricane Can Be As Powerful As 10 Atomic Bombs Both the Champions League and Europa League are yet to complete their last-16 matches. Paris St Germain, who were declared Ligue 1 champions, are looking to play their Champions League games abroad after the French government said professional sports would not be allowed to return before September. “Paris St Germain and Lyon… will have to organise (matches) in France,” Ceferin added. “If this is not possible, (they) will have to organise it at a neutral ground. “If you cannot play in your country, then you have to organise it at a neutral ground… I don’t see the reason why French authorities would not allow them to organise a match without spectators, but let’s see. It’s out of my power.” Euro 2020, scheduled to be hosted in 12 cities across Europe, has been postponed until next year. read also:Decision to suspend French season was premature – UEFA “We’ve had conversations with nine cities and everything is set,” Ceferin said. “With three cities, we have some issues. So we will discuss further. In principle, we will do it in 12 cities but if not, we are ready to do it in 10, nine or eight.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 The majority of European league seasons were suspended in March due to the Covid-19 pandemic but a few leagues have announced plans for a restart in the coming weeks. The French and Dutch top-flight campaigns have been cancelled but the German Bundesliga restarted on Saturday and Ceferin expects at least 80% of national leagues to finish their seasons. “We have an idea but we have to wait for the executive committee of UEFA to confirm the dates. I can say that the European season will be finished, if everything is as it is now, in August,” Ceferin told beIN Sports. “As things look now, I’m sure… that we can finish the European season and this means UEFA competition. “I think the majority of leagues will finish the season. The ones who will not, it’s their decision. But they will still have to play qualifiers if they want to participate in the European UEFA competition.”Advertisementlast_img read more