Cosmology Faces More Chaos

first_imgMost of us have experience with orderly things going to chaos: an unkept room, the garden, our list of things to do.  We all work hard to overcome that universal tendency.  Clara Moskowitz reported on two cosmologists who think the universe went the other way.  She wrote in Space.com, “The universe was in chaos after the Big Bang kick-started the cosmos, a new study suggests.”  That means that all the order we see came out of chaos.    It’s probably not a surprise to think that a colossal explosion like a big bang would be pretty chaotic, but actually, cosmologists have worried about the “entropy problem” for a long time.  Entropy is a measure of the disorder of a system.  For our universe to have the low entropy it has now (organized into stars, galaxies, and planets), it would have had to have incredibly low entropy at the start – where incredibly low means unfathomably low.  Can Adilson Motter (Northwestern U) and Katrin Gelfert (Federal U, Rio de Janeiro) really propose chaos after the big bang?    The article tries to explain that they are defining chaos differently than lay people do in common experience – “small changes can cause large-scale effects.”  Yet in chaos theory, one cannot predict what will happen – and getting a highly ordered system as a result would seem most improbable.  After all, “our universe is no longer chaotic” according to the article.  But then the article speculates that the universe could return to chaos in a big crunch – a big bang in reverse.  Most cosmologists and astronomers think that the acceleration of the universe rules out such a possibility.  It doesn’t help explain the order we see now, anyway.    Suffice it to say, that before one can believe their ideas about the origin and fate of the universe, one should take to heart a disclaimer by Moskowitz, “This period of the early universe is not well understood.”    According to New Scientist in its “Cosmic Accidents” series, the big bang was all a – well, a cosmic accident.  Believe it or not, “most physicists regard the quantum fluctuations that created it as having no cause at all,” Stephen Battersby wrote.  “Of all happy accidents, this one might be the most accidental.”  As to the low-entropy whatever before the bang, he admitted, “What cosmic coincidences preceded our universe’s birth are in the realms of speculation.”Good grief; Moskowitz titled her display of nonsense, “After Big Bang Came Moment of Pure Chaos, Study Finds.”  It found nothing of the sort.  It found nothing, only sordid hubris pretending to be science.  Be sure to read the 10/03/2010 commentary as a preface to this one.  Since Battersby and Moskowitz, Motter and Gelfert have surrendered all credibility and lowered themselves to shaman status, their speculations can be safely disregarded as no better than anyone else’s, and decidedly worse.  For they present themselves as scientists – you know, those who know.    If you’re thinking, “Well, the Bible states that things started without form and void, and that sounds like chaos,” consider that chaos can be molded by intelligent design.  The creation account is top-down, like a potter taking a formless mass of clay and designing art or dishware out of it.  Take the secularist, materialist, evolutionary bottom-up approach on clay without a potter, and try getting the palace of Louis XIV out of it, all orderly and furnished to the hilt.  That would be far more credible than getting our universe out of impersonal chaos.    Not only that, the materialist has to account for the origin of the clay out of hydrogen, and the hydrogen out the chaos, and the chaos out of some undefined, unobservable, fantastically-low entropy nothingness that is “not well understood” and “in the realms of speculation.”  It’s all speculation.  None of it is well understood.  Genesis 1:1 sounds downright scientific by comparison.Suggested Reading:  For a scholarly introduction to some of the problems with modern cosmological speculations, read “Was there a big bang?” by David Berlinski (1998), posted at the Discovery Institute.  Other apropos essays in his book The Deniable Darwin and Other Essays (Discovery Institute, 2009) include “God, Man, and Physics” (2002) and “The State of the Matter” (2009).  These penetrating essays will not convince someone of God, since Berlinski is a non-practicing Jew, but his deftness at exposing the pretensions of the self-acclaimed wise will surely confront the reader with the deep and enduring problems of trying to bring a universe into existence without Him.(Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Photo library: Nature 3

first_img{loadposition tc}Click on a thumbnail for a low-resolution image, or right-click on the link below it to download a high-resolution copy of the image.» Download Nature contact sheet (785KB) » Download full image library contact sheet (10.5MB) Free State province: Cosmos flowers in full bloom along the roadside in the Eastern Free State. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Free State province: Cosmos flowers in full bloom along the roadside in the Eastern Free State. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Free State province: Cosmos flowers in full bloom along the roadside in the Eastern Free State. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Free State province: Cosmos flowers in full bloom along the roadside in the Eastern Free State. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Harrismith, Free State province: Ostrich. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Harrismith, Free State province: Roses. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Harrismith, Free State province: wild flowers. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Northern Cape province: Quiver trees, which the San Bushmen used to make quivers for their arrows. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Northern Cape province: Quiver trees, which the San Bushmen used to make quivers for their arrows. Photo: Graeme Williams, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res imageNATURE 3: {loadposition nature}Having trouble downloading high-resolution images? Queries about the image library? Email Janine Erasmus at [email protected]last_img read more

SA ranked 5th in Africa for governance

first_img12 October 2011 South Africa is ranked fifth out of 53 African countries in the 2011 Ibrahim Index of African Governance, sustaining its top five ranking for the third year running, behind Mauritius, Cape Verde, Botswana and Seychelles. The country maintained its scores on three of the index’s main groupings, holding steady at 3rd for participation and human rights, and 7th for both sustainable economic opportunity and safety and rule of law. However, it slipped from 5th to 8th place for human development. Brand South Africa CEO Miller Matola welcomed the results, which were released on Monday, saying in a statement: “Steady as she goes, is one’s first impression of this vital index’s ranking of South Africa’s performance. This is an important message in the light of such turbulence in the world.” Matola said it was encouraging to see African leaders being recognised for their effort in reshaping the reputations and governance infrastructure of their countries and, in consequence, the reputation of brand Africa.2011 Ibrahim Prize winner Cape Verde President Pedro Verona Pires, winner of the 2011 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, was honoured for his human rights record and governance achievements, including increasing the island’s prosperity while making it stable and democratic – and for refusing to stand for president for a third term. “Honouring President Pires underscores a vital fact – that there is a strong correlation between countries that have positive reputations and those that are globally competitive,” Matola said. The Ibrahim leadership prize as well as the country rankings are an important backdrop against which the continent’s progress – and that of individual countries – can be measured.Economic growth ‘must benefit citizens’ One of the major trends is the evident economic growth across Africa, although this had to be viewed against “the stagnation, and in many cases the reversal, in the rule of law and citizens’ rights”, said Mo Ibrahim, the foundation’s founder and chair. “We sounded alarm bells last year concerning this issue. If economic progress is not translated into better quality of life and respect for citizens’ rights, we will witness more Tahrir Squares in Africa.” Established in 2007, the Mo Ibrahim Foundation gathered a comprehensive collection of quantitative data, making an annual assessment of governance performance in every African country possible. The Ibrahim Index is currently compiled in partnership with an advisory council and a technical committee that include experts from a range of African institutions. It also works with Afrobarometer and Global Integrity South Africa, aiming to provide a framework for citizens, public authorities and partners to assess progress in governance on the continent. SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

Brand South Africa calls on humanitarian support for the Kathrada Park Community

first_imgJohannesburg, Monday 06 August 2018 –  Johannesburg Emergency Services’ Mr Robert Mulaudzi has reported to the media that in the early hours of Monday morning, 50 shacks caught fire at Kathrada Park, an Informal Settlement in Claremont just West of Johannesburg, with about 100 – 120 people  displaced.Mr Mulaudzi, further adds; “At this stage, there are no injuries or fatalities which have been reported, however, we just want to encourage all our residents throughout the city’s 189 informal settlements to exercise caution with  all  heating devices and not leave paraffin and stoves unattended to prevent fire incidences like this one.”Brand South Africa’s Chief Marketing Officer,  Mrs Linda Magapatona-Sangaret said, “It is unfortunate that we as a nation still wake to news that many people are left displaced due to fires.”“Thank you to the firefighters who were prompt in their response and were able to spare the many lives caught in the disaster. Your hard work does not go unnoticed. The greatness of a nation can be judged by  how it treats its less fortunate citizens. It is, therefore, important that  all citizens  unite and play their part in helping in any way possible”, concludes Mrs Magapatona-Sangaret.Added to this terrible incident,  the province is expected to be experiencing a cold front in the next few days, citizens are called upon to assist by donating and dropping off resources for the displaced families at the Sandton Fire station; Grayston Drive, Sandown, Johannesburg. Resources required;Non-Perishable FoodsWoodCorrugated Iron Sheets (Amazenke)MattressesBlanketsClothes, toiletries, sanitary pads, diapers, and toysThe Sandton Fire station can be reached at 011 375 5911.last_img read more

Team Rahul gets plum posts in Cabinet reshuffle

first_imgPrime Minister Manmohan Singh on Sunday gave his Cabinet a long overdue facelift bringing in some young and new faces, marked by Congress general secretary Rahul Gandhi’s influence.The big message that PM Manmohan Singh wanted to send across through Sunday’s massive rejig was that the reshuffle bears the firm imprint of Rahul Gandhi. Though Rahul might not have entered the govt but each of the decision has his signature. Manish Tewari and Jyotiraditya Scindia during the swearing-in ceremony of the new ministers.The new Cabinet has several of the members of Team Rahul, including Manish Tewari, Jyotiraditya Scindia and Sachin Pilot who got plum postings.Jyotiraditya Scindia and Sachin Pilot were elevated to ministers of state with independent charge for power and corporate affairs respectively, so was Jitendra Singh who got youth affairs and sports as an independent charge instead of being a junior home minister .Manish Tewari, the articulate party spokesperson, has now been given independent charge of the information and broadcasting ministry as a minister of state. The ministry was earlier held by a Cabinet minister in Ambika Soni.Sachin Pilot has been given the independent charge of the Corporate Affairs Ministry.But the notable youthful MPs who missed the bus this time, though being named by sections of the media to get the call to join the government, were Meenakshi Natarajan from Madhya Pradesh, Manicka Tagore from Tamil Nadu, and Pradip Kumar Majhi from Odisha.Others who did not get a call for elevation to the cabinet included Jitin Prasada, whose portfolio as minister of state was changed from road transport and highways to defence and human resources development.Milind Deora, who is a minister of state for communications and information technology, found his position unchanged.Another minister of state, D. Purandeswari, had her ministry changed from human resources development to commerce and industry and R.P.N. Singh moved from petroleum and natural gas to the home ministry.– With IANS inputsadvertisementlast_img read more

Trudeau touts controversial pipeline project ahead of town hall meeting in Kamloops

first_imgThe Canadian PressPrime Minister Justin Trudeau touted the benefits of a liquefied natural gas project that’s at the centre of an impasse with some members of the Wet’suwet’en Nation in a speech to supporters in Kamloops, B.C., on Wednesday.RCMP arrested 14 people Monday in northwestern British Columbia over a protest against construction of a natural gas pipeline by Coastal GasLink, a key part of the $40-billion LNG Canada project.In a campaign-style speech at the Liberal fundraiser, Trudeau did not address the arrests but heralded the massive project as one of his government’s key achievements over the past year.“We moved forward on the LNG Canada project, which is the largest private sector investment in Canada’s history, $40 billion, which is going to produce Canadian LNG that will supplant coal in Asia as a power source and do much for the environment,” he said.Earlier Wednesday, he told a CBC Radio program in Kamloops that the arrests were “not an ideal situation.”The federal government has been working on reconciliation but the dispute over the pipeline is “still an ongoing process,” he said.“There are a number of people and communities who are supportive, there are a number of folks who disagree with it,” he told the CBC.The RCMP enforced an injunction Monday from the B.C. Supreme Court that ordered the removal of any obstructions to the pipeline project in and around the Morice River Bridge on a remote forest service road southwest of Houston.The pipeline company says it has signed agreements with all 20 First Nations along the route but the Wet’suwet’en hereditary chiefs have not given their consent.Trudeau said he would not visit the blockade site.“One of the things that is really important is to try to reduce the temperature a little bit,” he told the CBC.The prime minister’s town hall in Kamloops is scheduled for 7 p.m. PT and you can watch it live on the APTN News Facebook page.He told supporters at the fundraiser that he expected to hear “strong voices” at the town hall with very clear ideas about what his government should be doing.“The challenge we have to have as Canadians is to be open to listening to people, to understand their concerns and their fears, and to work together to try and allay them,” he said.“We will always have in this country perspectives that vary widely.”Dozens of protesters on both sides of the pipeline debate gathered outside the hotel where Trudeau spoke at the fundraiser.Protesters wearing yellow vests carried signs that read “Carbon Tax Cash Grab” and “Trudeau for Treason” while taking part in a chant opposing a United Nations pact on migration signed by Canada. Conservative critics argue it threatens Canada’s sovereignty.Keith LaRiviere, who is Cree and participated in the yellow-vest protest, said he knows some of the people involved in the pipeline blockade.He said he supports their right to protest but he believes those building the pipeline also have the right to do their work.“I go to sweat lodges with some of those people so I really know them intimately, and I do support their cause. I do support their right to their land. I don’t support the aggressive way they were forced out of their position,” said LaRiviere, who travelled from Prince George.On the other side of the hotel parking lot, a group of Indigenous protesters opposed to the pipeline sang, drummed and held a banner reading “PM Trudeau: Canada needs climate action now.”Janice Billy said she supports the Wet’suwet’en because her First Nation, the Secwepemc, are also losing control of their lands.“The people … had no reason to be arrested. They are peaceful people. They were there protecting the land and water,” she said.The federal riding of Kamloops-Thompson-Cariboo is held by Conservative MP Cathy McLeod, who is also the Indigenous Affairs Critic in Parliament. The Liberals see B.C. as a key battleground for the election in October.Trudeau’s visit to Kamloops marks the start of an outreach tour that will expand across the [email protected]@aptnnewslast_img read more

DRs hot tourism streak rolls on with 20000 new hotel rooms on

first_img TORONTO — Following the news that it welcomed a record number of Canadians in 2017, the Dominican Republic has announced a slew of new developments across the island.The country has begun a US$195 million development in the Southwest region of Los Corbanitos, Baní called Playa de Puntarena Hotel and Condominiums featuring brand new hotels, luxury apartments, a recreation area, bars, restaurants and a marina. A highway beginning in Santo Domingo will be extended to the Southwest in order to increase tourism connectivity from the capital city.In the South, the Perla de Sur project will bring 1,200 hotel rooms over multiple stages in the coming years. The first stage will be ‘La Casita’ and ‘La Casita Village’, a series of boutique hotels, all featuring an eco-friendly design. The final phase will include a marina and convention centre.A new AMResorts property is coming to Macao, comprising three hotels, a convention centre, green areas, sports facilities and a total of 2,313 rooms.More news:  Sunwing ready to launch Mazatlán-Quebec City direct this winterIn addition, Club Med is set to begin development of a hotel project named ‘Miches’ in Altamira. Upon completion in 2019, it will be a 5-Trident rated resort, the highest in the Club med resort rankings, and will offer 343 rooms.Even more accommodations are planned over the next few years – 20,000 hotel rooms, to be exact. Additional rooms will debut over the next years throughout Punta Cana, Bayahibe, Puerto Plata, Samaná and Santo Domingo. This number will add to the current 69,000 hotel rooms available in the country, said the Dominican Republic Ministry of Tourism.In 2017, a record 837,000 Canadians visited the DR and the numbers show no signs of wavering in 2018. In January and February of this tour, a total of 1,126,776 international tourists were reported, a 4% year-over-year increase from the same two months in 2017. Of this number, 60% were from North America, 25% from Europe, 12% from south America and 2.5 from Central America and the Caribbean.More news:  AMResorts has a new Sr. Dir. of Cdn. Sales & Consortia Rel’nsNorth American travellers grew by 5.3% when compared to the same period in 2017, with the majority travelling from Canada and the U.S.In 2017, cruise arrivals to Puerto Plata exceeded 1.46 million, the highest on record, according to the Ministry of Tourism Cruise Department.Minister of tourism Francisco Javier Garciá highlighted the country’s impressive tourism numbers at the International Tourism Fair in Berlin (ITB). He said the tourism sector is steadily increasing and as a result, the country opened 8,400 new hotel rooms over the past year, with another 15,000 under construction. Share Posted by Tags: Dominican Republic, Openings & Renovations Travelweek Group center_img D.R.’s hot tourism streak rolls on, with 20,000 new hotel rooms on the way << Previous PostNext Post >> Tuesday, April 3, 2018 last_img read more