The Rules of the Game

first_imgWhat’s love got to do with it? Emma Bernstein on the gurus who would guide you to the perfect pickupYou might expect that the art of seduction had changed since 1 BC, but you would be mistaken. Thanks to Ovid’s Ars Amatoria, published that year, the Roman was well schooled in all manner of sly tips and tricks, which bear more than a passing resemblance to those proposed by today’s praeceptores amoris. But there’s a difference. Whereas the scandalous advice of the Ars Amatoria caused a sensation (rivalled only by a certain birth the following year) and resulted in Ovid’s extradition to the Black Sea, nowadays, the authors of dating manuals can enjoy the reverence and gratitude of their lonely-hearted readership. Undoubtedly the most notorious of the numerous guides to seduction is Neil Strauss’ 450-page tome, The Game: Undercover in the Secret Society of Pickup Artists, which has achieved cult status among its lovelorn disciples. This is no simple, step-by-step instruction manual for the wannabe lothario. Rather, the book chronicles Strauss’ initiation into the “seduction community” and his transformation from a “formless lump of nerd” into his alter-ego, Style, the “master pickup artist”. Here, seduction is a field dominated by professional predators, relying upon mind control, hypnosis and persuasion techniques. Lest there be any doubt as to the credentials of The Game, Strauss’ own proficiency is confirmed when an incautious Britney Spears gives him her number. One seduction method beloved of the pickup artist is ‘negging’, which is “to actively demonstrate a lack of interest in a beautiful woman by making an ambiguous statement, insulting her in a way that appears accidental, or offering constructive criticism”. Whilst it beggars belief that classic ‘negs’ such as “you look great – are you wearing make-up?” would melt hearts, ‘negging’ apparently has the dual effect of empowering the pickup artist and making the woman vulnerable. Other methods of seduction rely upon neuro-linguistic programming, “a form of waking hypnosis”, which uses repeated mesmerising hand movements and “flirtatious hypnospeak”. Yet its amoral techniques and nouveau jargon have only served to increase the allure of The Game, whether as a glimpse into a fascinatingly sordid enterprise or as a guide to follow with religious fervour. However, in terms of sheer notoriety, a serious contender to The Game comes in the unlikely form of The Rules – Time-tested secrets for capturing the heart of Mr Right, its exact opposite in every way. Where The Game uses advanced mind-control and invented terminology, The Rules espouses the traditional approach, and is bloated on its own self-hype. The two authoresses assure readers that they too can “make Mr Right obsessed with having you as his by making yourself seem unattainable”, by  simply following their 35 rules. Their credentials are all in the book’s dedication: “to our wonderful husbands”. Quasi-scientific justification is offered for women playing hard to get; “men are born to respond to a challenge” and that “biologically he’s the aggressor”.Can a “good marriage” really be based upon such superficial rules? Women are advised that “if you have a bad nose, get a nose job”, are told to limit phone calls to ten minutes and to end the date first. The publications of The Rules had feminists up in arms, but the authors argue that their empowering methods enable every women to get what she wants, namely “a marriage truly made in heaven”. It remains to be considered whether the approaches of these two very different books get results.last_img read more

Consumers say security is more important than ever

first_img 8SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr When it comes to receiving and paying bills, security weighs heavily on consumers’ minds. According to the Eighth Annual Billing Household Survey from Fiserv, security is of significantly greater concern related to receiving and paying household bills than it was just a year ago – and those concerns influence the choices people make every day.According to the Billing Household Survey, more than 27 million people say they are more concerned about security than they were last year – one of the survey’s most significant findings. Only 6 percent say they are less concerned. Among the pain points when it comes to receiving and paying bills, 26 percent cite security as a source of concern, compared to 19 percent in 2014. Security is now second only to the possibility of late payments as the top bill pay concern.Consumer education is key to overcoming these concerns, as many consumers do not have a solid understanding of bill payment options that enhance security. Sixty-five percent of those surveyed said bank bill pay and biller direct options are the most secure ways to receive and pay bills, while 25 percent said postal mail is the most secure. Only 2 percent see nonbanking sites as a secure option. Plastic is seen as more secure than ACH, with 57 percent of respondents saying they view credit, debit or prepaid cards as more secure than ACH. continue reading »last_img read more

Lancaster resource boost for Hurricane Energy

first_imgUK offshore oil player Hurricane Energy has been given a boost after RPS Energy Consultants released a Competent Person’s Report on Hurricane’s crown jewel – the Lancaster field, West of Shetland.The CPR attributes 2P reserves (the sum of proved and probable reserves) for the first time and details a significant increase in certified contingent resources.The Hurricane-operated Lancaster field is located approximately 100 km west and 105 km north of the closest Shetland and Orkney Islands, respectively, and 170 km north of the Scottish mainland.According to the CPR, best estimate recoverable volumes at Lancaster is 523 million barrels of oil, an increase of 162% compared to the 2013 CPR 2C contingent oil resource figure of 200 million.Furthermore, CPR attributes 2P reserves of 37.3 million barrels of oil attributed to the initial six-year period of the planned Early Production System (“EPS”) at Lancaster.The remaining 484 million barrels are classified as 2C Contingent Resources as ‘Development Unclarified or On Hold’ whilst the EPS assesses full field development potential.Should Hurricane extend the EPS to ten years, 2P reserves volume would rise to 62.1 million barrels. Best estimate of oil in place of over 2.3 billion barrels of oil, an increase of 120% compared to the equivalent 2013 CPR figure.Also, a Net Present Value NPV of $525 million is attributed to the 2P reserves for a six-year EPS at a 10% discount rate.Robert Trice, Chief Executive of Hurricane, commented: “We are delighted to now have independent verification of the highly material uplift in the resources we have at Lancaster. It is also a landmark for Hurricane to have reserves assigned at the field relating to our planned EPS, for which we continue to advance plans, maintaining our target for first oil of H1 2019. We expect to publish CPRs relating to Halifax and Lincoln later in 2017, which we are confident will be a material addition to our already significant resource base.”Lancaster timelineThe Bluewater-owned FPSO Aoka Mizu was selected in November 2016 to be used as the early production system for the Lancaster field. Following the signing, Hurricane and Bluewater started a second phase FEED study, expected to be completed in early 2Q 2017. The unit will be held on location by a turret mooring system. Produced oil will be stored on the FPSO and exported to Shetland via a shuttle tanker.Hurricane plans to start the re-entry and completion of the wells in spring 2018. Installation of both the subsea infrastructure and the FPSO mooring system is then expected to be completed in the second and the third quarters of 2018, prior to the arrival of the FPSO to the field.Installation, hook-up and commissioning of the FPSO is expected to start towards the latter part of this construction period. The first oil is targeted for the middle of 2019, although it is possible it could begin as early as the end of 2018, the operator said.The first phase of the development is planned for a period of six years.Offshore Energy Today Stafflast_img read more

Steel Sensations: Breaking down the Steelers draft needs

first_imgMike Tomlin, head coach for the Pittsburgh Steelers, talks with reporters in the AFC Head Coaches Breakfast at the NFL football annual meeting in Orlando, Fla., Tuesday, March 25, 2014. (AP Photo/John Raoux)Normally, by the end of April the NFL draft has taken place and we are discussing the additions the Steelers have made and how they’ll fit in.  Not this year. Starting this year, the NFL has elected to place the NFL draft in early May, leaving all draft experts and football pundits the opportunity to pontificate for another few weeks on what they expect will happen, who will get drafted early, late and who won’t get drafted at all.This year the Steelers have nine draft picks across the seven rounds and they have plenty of holes to fill. They’ll need to make the right picks if they want to continue to form a foundation of success that will lead to their 7th Lombardi trophy anytime soon. The draft clock is starting to tick, it’s time for the team to ramp up and get moving.Taking a look at what the team needs, it seems that they will fill the roster somewhat like what I have broken down below.Round 1, pick 15:  The Steelers are in desperate need of a young, playmaking cornerback.  They would be crazy not to go and grab this position here. With the 15th pick overall there should still be three or four of these playmakers available for the team to choose from.   There is an outside chance they could go wide receiver or defensive line here but that would mean that all the top corners were drafted earlier than expected.Round 2, pick 46:  In the 2nd round the Steelers will still most likely address the defensive side of the ball as they have a lot of rebuilding to do there. My expectation is for them to draft another linebacker somewhere during this draft and I believe it will happen in round two.  They can find a hard hitting, tough as nails guy here who can be an impact playmaker to go along with Jason Worilds and Jarvis Jones. Once again, they could go wide receiver or defensive line but I don’t expect it.Round 3, pick 92:  The team is in dire need of a big wide receiver. This is the round to do it. While they could take a guy earlier, a wide receiver that can make plays can be found in this round or later and I fully expect the black and gold to take advantage of this pick by picking up a guy they think can make big catches in the red zone and on third down. The point of this pick would be for this receiver to ultimately be their number two guy.  Outside chance they draft a defensive lineman.Round 4, pick 118:  This team no doubt will draft a defensive lineman here, assuming they haven’t done that already.  They clearly need to beef up in the nose tackle spot and a 4th round pick is a prime area to do so.  There is a chance they could draft a second linebacker in this spot as well.Round 5, pick 157 and pick 173: There are any number of directions the team could go in the fifth round with these two picks.  I anticipate they will be drafting a running back somewhere in the late rounds and having two picks in the fifth, it makes sense to use one of them on a backup running back who can be a third down guy and a guy who can play special teams as well.  Additionally, they may elect to use the other pick on another cornerback as the team needs more than just one and you can still find decent nickel backs later in the draft.Round 6, pick 192 and pick 215:  The two picks in the sixth round will go to whomever the team feels is the best left on their draft board. However, I would expect a second linebacker to be taken somewhere in here as the team will want to bolster the depth they have at that position if they haven’t addressed this already.  I won’t be shocked if the team also selects another young quarterback in this round. This may be a guy who won’t make the team but he could be a good guy during pre-season, a practice squad guy or he may have the potential to be the third string quarterback of this storied franchise.Round 7, pick 230:  This will truly be the best player left on the teams’ board. Whoever is picked here will be a long shot to make the squad in 2014 but could again be a practice squad player. I look for this final pick to be an offensive lineman to add depth at the position during the pre-season to ensure their main guys are uninjured heading into regular play.This draft will be heavily centered around the defensive side of the ball. It’s time to re build and re shuffle that unit and there is no better way and no faster way to do so than in the draft. The key now is for the Steelers grades on these players to be accurate, their projections to hold true and the character of all of these guys to be what it needs to in order to make a successful NFL player both on and off the field.The clock is ticking…Mike Pelaia hosts the website Steel Nation Association Covering the Steelers and helping Children’s Hospital All Day Everyday. You can e-mail him at [email protected]last_img read more

WDFW Approves ‘Bonus’ Razor Clam Dig Starting May 18 at Mocrocks

first_imgFacebook56Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Washington Department of Fish and WildlifeState shellfish managers have approved a “bonus” razor clam dig on ocean beaches for three days, May 18-20.State shellfish managers with the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) approved the dig on morning low tides after marine toxin tests showed the clams are safe to eat. No digging will be allowed on any beach after noon.The upcoming dig is approved on the following beaches, dates, and morning low tides:May 18, Saturday, 6:58 a.m.; -1.4 feet; MocrocksMay 19, Sunday, 7:41 a.m.; -1.6 feet; MocrocksMay 20, Monday, 8:23 a.m.; -1.6 feet; Mocrocks“We are happy to announce that healthy clam populations on Mocrocks beach support another dig,” said Ayres.The southern border of Mocrocks Beach is the Copalis River and the northern border of Mocrocks is the southern end of Quinault Indian Reservation, just south of the Moclips River. Mocrocks includes the following popular areas: Iron Springs, Roosevelt Beach, Seabrook, Pacific Beach and Moclips Beach.Copalis Beach, just south of Mocrocks, will not be open.All diggers age 15 or older must have an applicable 2019-20 fishing license to harvest razor clams on any beach; 2018-19 licenses are no longer valid for this dig. Licenses, ranging from a three-day razor clam license (starting at $9.70) to an annual combination fishing license, are available on WDFW’s website at and from license vendors around the state.Under state law, diggers at open beaches can take 15 razor clams per day and are required to keep the first 15 they dig. Each digger’s clams must be kept in a separate container.WDFW is the state agency tasked with preserving, protecting and perpetuating fish, wildlife and ecosystems, while providing sustainable fishing, hunting and other outdoor recreation opportunities. WDFW razor clam digs support outdoor lifestyles and coastal economies.Persons with disabilities who need to receive this information in an alternative format or who need reasonable accommodations to participate in WDFW-sponsored public meetings or other activities may contact Dolores Noyes by phone (360-902-2349), TTY (360-902-2207), or email ([email protected]). For more information, see read more


first_imgARCADIA, Calif. (April 26, 2015)–Patience is a virtue. You’d get no argument from Tyler Baze on that account, as he bided his time and orchestrated a thrilling nose victory in Sunday’s Grade III, $100,000 Wilshire Stakes aboard the Eric Kruljac-conditioned Blingismything who prevailed in a four-horse photo while covering a flat mile on turf in 1:37.16.Next to last with a quarter mile to run in a compact field of six fillies and mares 3-and-up, Baze split horses two off the rail a sixteenth out and eked out the win over a fast closing Smoove It, who was caught wide with Mario Gutierrez up.“I won pretty easy, I thought,” said Baze. “She’s just a nice filly. I broke her maiden first time out a couple of years ago at Hollywood. This is my first opportunity to ride her back so I made the most of it. She’s a nice filly to ride with a big heart.”Owned by Class Racing Stable, Blingismything was the second choice in the field at 5-2 and paid $7.40, $3.80 and $2.40. A 5-year-old Kentucky-bred mare by Arch, she was a close third in the Grade III Las Cienegas Stakes April 11, and the Wilshire triumph provided her with her first-ever stakes win. With the winner’s share of $60,000, she increased her earnings to $246,330 and ran her overall record to 10-4-2-3.Trained by Doug O’Neill, Smoove It, who saved ground at the rail into and around the far turn, angled five-wide off the fence approaching the quarter pole and just missed at 6-1, finishing a head in front of her favored stablemate, Birdlover. Smoove paid $5.60 and $3.20.“I thought I had it,” said Gutierrez. “She’s improving a lot and I was hoping to get that kind of race out of her.”Ridden by Rafael Bejarano, Birdlover, who broke from the outside, was off at 9-5, made an easy lead and tired late to finish third, a nose in front of Indecise. Birdlover paid $2.40 to show.“My filly broke beautifully,” said Bejarano. “We had an easy pace, 23 and change, 48 and change…it was perfect. The other horses were just flying late and we got beat a head. She ran great, no excuse.”Fractions on the race, set by Birdlover, were 23.64, 48.79, 1:13.48 and 1:25.23.Racing resumes at Santa Anita on Thursday, with first post time at 1 p.m. Admission gates open at 11 a.m. –30–last_img read more

Cousins’ game-changing phone call? Warriors GM Myers thought it was a spoof

first_imgMost of the important decisions of the offseason had … Even now, nearly three months since the phone rang in the office of Warriors general manager Bob Myers, it’s difficult to wrap your head around.DeMarcus Cousins, a Warrior.Even less likely than the concept was the process.“When it was clear I couldn’t stay in New Orleans,” Cousins wrote in The Players Tribune this week, “I went out and created what would end up being the best opportunity for myself. I called Bob Myers up.”last_img read more

Township renewal project extended

first_img11 April 2008The time-frame for the Alexandra Renewal Project (ARP), a programme to develop one of Johannesburg’s oldest townships, has been extended to 2010.The project, launched by President Thabo Mbeki in February 2001, was to be implemented over a period of seven years. The estimated budget for the ARP at that time was R1.3-billion, an amount that was projected to be provided by the City of Johannesburg, Gauteng province and the private sector.However, because of “huge demand for adequate shelter and prolonged land acquisition processes”, the project has been extended for another two years, according to Nomvula Mokonyane, the province’s housing MEC who was speaking at the ARP’s political steering committee meeting attended by the City of Johannesburg executive mayor Amos Masondo in Alexandra on Wednesday, 9 April.The purpose of the steering committee is to exercise political oversight and decision-making in the implementation of the project.At the meeting, Mokonyane and Masondo said the mandate of the ARP involves dealing with historical urban decay and deprivation in terms of infrastructure as well as human development in the township.‘Black spot’Established in 1912, Alexandra covers an area of over 800 hectares, including Old Alexandra Proper, the East Bank, the Far East Bank, Marlboro industrial area, Wynberg, Kew and Marlboro Gardens.Since its inception, Alexandra has had a long and chequered history. In 1948, under apartheid, the township became a “black spot” and residents were threatened with complete removal. Freehold title was abolished and some families were removed, leaving the majority as tenants of the government.During the 1980s, Alexandra was characterised by both conflict and development. There were long school boycotts and clashes with the apartheid government, but the period also saw Alex roads being tarred for the first time, new houses built and nearly 50 new blocks of flats.Rapid urbanisationOriginally, the infrastructure in Alexandra was designed for a population of about 70 000 people but due to a population boom as people from within South Africa and neighbouring countries came to the area seeking employment opportunities, the township is now home to an estimated 350 000 to 400 000 people living in very crowded conditions.After Mbeki’s announcement in 2001, the first phase of the project involved moving 11 000 residents from the banks of the Juskei River, where they were in danger of flooding every year. The displaced residents were moved to Braamfischerville in Soweto and Diepsloot, north of Randburg.On 3 and 4 December 2004, a summit was held in the township to report back on and review the achievements of the ARP. The summit recorded that some progress had been made accommodating Alex’s homeless people. Approximately 1 200 houses had been built since 2001 in Extension 8 and the Reconstruction Area, with more housing construction in Marlboro Gardens, Westlake and Frankenwald projects yielding 5 300 rental housing units.The project also recorded success in the construction and upgrading of road infrastructure in Alex.‘One huge construction site’In 2006 with about 16 months before the seven-year period announced by Mbeki elapsed, the incumbent ARP director, Julian Baskin, noted that the project will need “a lifetime” to complete. He said the initial costs of the project were not feasible and the total costs of providing RDP houses to 22 000 families in need of accommodation in Alexandra amounted to well over R1.9-billion. And this did not include provision of roads, water, sanitation, schools, clinics, magistrates offices and police stations.Today, Alexandra is “one huge construction site”, as Baskin put it, with 27 active projects underway. Work to refurbish Alex’s old M1 and M2 hostels is almost complete and several schools have been built, including Ekukhanyisweni Primary School. A business centre to stimulate Alex’s economy has been established and new shopping malls are sprouting up including the R80-million Alex Plaza.The meeting acknowledged the progress that the ARP has registered on the ground and the many projects that are at an advanced stage. Mokonyane and Masondo hailed the ARP as a success story, given the inroads it has made in improving the local community’s quality of life.On the issue of safety and security in the township, the meeting came up with mechanisms to tackle crime. A resolution was made to build a police station in the Far East Bank. It was also agreed that ward councillors should play a critical role in running community awareness programmes to guard against vandalism of public facilities.In addition, the meeting agreed that a Local Economic Development Summit would be convened in the near future to develop strategies to “unearth the economic potential” of Alexandra.Source: City of Johannesburglast_img read more

Cancer.vive riders bring awareness, hope

first_imgThe provinces of Gauteng, North West, Limpopo and Mpumalanga will be covered on the 1 995km journey undertaken by the riders. (Image: Cancer.vive)What better way to get first-hand experience of beating cancer than from a cancer survivor? The fifth annual Cancer.vive Awareness Ride brings you this experience.Over 65 cancer survivors aim to get people in the provinces of Gauteng, North West, Limpopo and Mpumalanga talking about cancer as they embark on a 1 995km ride, stopping in towns along the route to educate residents about how to detect cancer at an early stage, and how to get appropriate treatment.The journey undertaken will proceed as pictured.(Image: Cancer.vive)The Cancer.vive Awareness Ride is a project of People Living with Cancer. The latter was established in 2002 by Carl Liebenberg and Linda Greeff, both of whom are cancer survivors, to provide a national support structure for people living with cancer, cancer survivors and their families.Janie du Plessis, chief executive of People Living with Cancer, explained the thinking behind the organisation, saying to SA Goodnews: “Being diagnosed with cancer has an enormous impact on your life. We aim to make people diagnosed feel that they are not alone, and let them know that many cancers have a very high survival rate if caught early enough.“We also don’t leave them without support, but connect them to Cancer Buddies, a project that assists patients and their families through diagnosis and treatment.”Spar and Revlon are the main sponsors of the ride, with Triumph, Caltex, Imperial Ford and Mazda, Meadow Feeds and Netcare 911 also contributing to the cause.“Spar is proud to once again be involved as sponsors of this vital cause,” said Helen Barrett, Spar group advertising and promotions manager. “We feel it is of critical importance that more people are made aware of cancer and how to detect the early warning signs.”Adele du Plessis, Revlon communications manager, said the cosmetics company was honoured to be involved in raising awareness around this cause and the ways and means of beating it. “The sincere dedication of the Cancer.vive team perfectly reflects the core principles of our company,” said Du Plessis.SURVIVOR DRIVEN PROJECTThe Cancer.vive Awareness Ride is a survivor-driven project that uses performing arts, music, poetry, dance and storytelling to celebrate victory over the disease.According to the organisation’s website, statistics show more people die of cancer than of Aids-related illness, tuberculosis and malaria combined, and therefore the focus of the rally is to care, support and create awareness.The ride aims to leave the communities the group has visited with a better understanding of the various “shy” cancers, as they are known, such as breast, prostate, testicle, cervix, ovary, rectal and colon, as well as to establish support structures. After the Cancer.Vive visit, people will be better informed about how to identify the cancer warning signs and care for cancer patients in their midst.Over the past four years, the rally has entertained, engaged and educated more than 180 000 people through travels over a distance of 10 000km. It has visited eight provinces and shared the message in seven languages.last_img read more

Corn competition can leave yields on the losing end

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest John BrienThe corn field is the prime example of competition — there are 30,000 plants competing against their neighbor for the limited resources of water, sunlight and nutrients. With most competitions there are winners and losers and there are those who are trying to gain a competitive advantage. But, in a corn field the goal is to keep the playing field as even as possible so all the corn plants win. Believe it or not the even playing field begins at emergence.Why does emergence affect the uniformity of the playing field? When corn plants emerge at the same time, no one corn plant has a competitive advantage over another corn plant. But, those corn plants that emerge later than their neighbor are at a distinct and noticeable disadvantage. When it comes to pressure from weeds corn plants are not very competitive, but other corn plants can also cause major competition. The early competition between corn plants will actually cause the disadvantaged corn plant to switch gears and go from yield maximization to pure survival. The switch in priorities can be noticed in every corn field by simply looking for plants that have significantly smaller stalks and look spindly. These are the corn plants that are competing for survival, not to maximize yield.To achieve high yield potential with uniform emergence, what is considered to be an ideal emergence window? An emergence window is measured by counting the hours from when the first corn plant emerges to when all of its neighbors emerge. The amount of time for that first seed to emerge is not the critical issue; the timing of all the neighbors emerging is the issue. In a corn field there are few absolutes, but they do work on a good, better and best formula. A good emergence window is 48 hours; a better window is 24 hours, while the best window is 12 hours long.While the idea of a tight emergence window is great in theory, how can growers help improve their emergence window timing? That involves a four step process:1. A tight window starts with a uniform planting depth2. Planted into uniform soil moisture3. At a uniform soil temperature.4. With uniform soil to seed contact.Here are some suggestions on how to put these steps into practice:A tight window starts with a uniform planting depth and uniform planting depth begins with checking every row of the corn planter to ensure all the rows are placing the seed at the same depth. Every row of a corn planter has its own personality and will place seed at different depths even when they are all on the same setting.Plant into uniform soil moisture at 1.75 inches to 2 inches deep to ensure that the soil moisture is uniform and not negatively affected by any tillage, soil color and/or texture. Any shallower planting depths do not provide uniform soil moisture and can lead to sporadic emergence.Soil temperatures can have dramatic swings throughout the day. The degree and magnitude of those swings will vary on the planting depth. Corn planted less than 1.5 inches deep can experience dramatic changes in temperatures from hour-to-hour and day-to-day that can lead to less than an ideal germination window. A planting depth of around 2 inches provides a much needed buffer to keep soil temperatures stable and conducive to uniform emergence.Soil to seed contact dictates how quickly and how uniformly seeds absorb enough water to germinate. If all the seeds are not given the same opportunity to absorb water, uniformity will be affected. Check down pressure on every row to ensure they are all functioning at the same level and ensure closing wheels are aligned properly over the center of the row to ensure uniform pressure.A tight uniform emergence is the goal to help corn plants start with a high yield potential. A few small steps to ensure that every seed has access to uniform soil moisture, soil temperature and soil to seed contact will give every seed the same opportunity for success.last_img read more