Translating sustainabilityWith regard to the 4 June issue, page 18, and the letter from Tony Fuller of Diamond T in response to Interbake’s editorial information on sustainability, there is a differential between economy and sustainability. In the article, it was quoted that wood pellet energy is 66% lower than natural gas and perhaps the article should have said ’up to 66% lower’ than natural gas, as price differentials vary according to the utility supplier, depending on geographical area and volume of gas supplied.The only way electricity can become environmentally sustainable that I know of is by solar power, hydro power or wind power, and the amount of energy required to fuel a commercial, electric baking oven from either of these sources to generate the kW loading needed would rely heavily upon environmental conditions is the sun shining or the wind blowing in the right direction, for example.Wood pellets are a by-product of the forestry industry and are a sustainable source of fuel. We are not growing or manufacturing fossil fuels, so our dependency upon them must be reduced for the future of mankind.As regards the heat loss from the flue after combustion, it is quite easy to have a heat exchanger strategically positioned within the flue to allow the energy trapped in the exhaust gases to be used to heat water. Hot water is used throughout a bakery’s production shift, especially for cleaning purposes, so any combustion flue can be utilised without a large capital expenditure to harvest the energy from a by product of the exhaust gases.In relation to sustainability, electric multideck oven manufacturers tell me that the life expectancy of a multideck electric oven is somewhere around 15 years before it becomes an uneconomical piece of equipment. The extremely robust construction of steam tube ovens, with their refractory material and heavy tiled soles, ensure an extremely long, low-cost maintenance life expectancy.David Dunne, Interbake
James DeGale’s promoter Mick Hennessy defends his decision not to rush the Harlesen super-middleweight towards a world title shot.DeGale has become increasingly frustrated at his apparent lack of progress since signing with Hennessy last year and wants him to deliver a world title chance in the new year.Video courtesy of iFL TVSee also:Trainer says DeGale is ‘a million per cent ready’ for world title challengeVictory keeps DeGale in line for title shotDeGale tells promoter to deliver title fightPromoter vows to deliver DeGale title fightDeGale in line for world title eliminator James DeGale v Dyah Davis as it happenedDeGale keen to put on ‘wicked’ 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest John BrienThe corn field is the prime example of competition — there are 30,000 plants competing against their neighbor for the limited resources of water, sunlight and nutrients. With most competitions there are winners and losers and there are those who are trying to gain a competitive advantage. But, in a corn field the goal is to keep the playing field as even as possible so all the corn plants win. Believe it or not the even playing field begins at emergence.Why does emergence affect the uniformity of the playing field? When corn plants emerge at the same time, no one corn plant has a competitive advantage over another corn plant. But, those corn plants that emerge later than their neighbor are at a distinct and noticeable disadvantage. When it comes to pressure from weeds corn plants are not very competitive, but other corn plants can also cause major competition. The early competition between corn plants will actually cause the disadvantaged corn plant to switch gears and go from yield maximization to pure survival. The switch in priorities can be noticed in every corn field by simply looking for plants that have significantly smaller stalks and look spindly. These are the corn plants that are competing for survival, not to maximize yield.To achieve high yield potential with uniform emergence, what is considered to be an ideal emergence window? An emergence window is measured by counting the hours from when the first corn plant emerges to when all of its neighbors emerge. The amount of time for that first seed to emerge is not the critical issue; the timing of all the neighbors emerging is the issue. In a corn field there are few absolutes, but they do work on a good, better and best formula. A good emergence window is 48 hours; a better window is 24 hours, while the best window is 12 hours long.While the idea of a tight emergence window is great in theory, how can growers help improve their emergence window timing? That involves a four step process:1. A tight window starts with a uniform planting depth2. Planted into uniform soil moisture3. At a uniform soil temperature.4. With uniform soil to seed contact.Here are some suggestions on how to put these steps into practice:A tight window starts with a uniform planting depth and uniform planting depth begins with checking every row of the corn planter to ensure all the rows are placing the seed at the same depth. Every row of a corn planter has its own personality and will place seed at different depths even when they are all on the same setting.Plant into uniform soil moisture at 1.75 inches to 2 inches deep to ensure that the soil moisture is uniform and not negatively affected by any tillage, soil color and/or texture. Any shallower planting depths do not provide uniform soil moisture and can lead to sporadic emergence.Soil temperatures can have dramatic swings throughout the day. The degree and magnitude of those swings will vary on the planting depth. Corn planted less than 1.5 inches deep can experience dramatic changes in temperatures from hour-to-hour and day-to-day that can lead to less than an ideal germination window. A planting depth of around 2 inches provides a much needed buffer to keep soil temperatures stable and conducive to uniform emergence.Soil to seed contact dictates how quickly and how uniformly seeds absorb enough water to germinate. If all the seeds are not given the same opportunity to absorb water, uniformity will be affected. Check down pressure on every row to ensure they are all functioning at the same level and ensure closing wheels are aligned properly over the center of the row to ensure uniform pressure.A tight uniform emergence is the goal to help corn plants start with a high yield potential. A few small steps to ensure that every seed has access to uniform soil moisture, soil temperature and soil to seed contact will give every seed the same opportunity for success.
We’re by now familiar with the notion that smart meters are critical components of smart grids, the digital networks many utilities are developing to tightly monitor electricity usage, route power more precisely to meet demand, and incorporate renewable-energy sources into the delivery system. We’re also becoming familiar with some of the bumps on the road to smart-meter deployment.One of those bumps is customer dissatisfaction with the performance of smart meters – dissatisfaction grounded, in many cases, in suspicion that the meters are not fairly or accurately measuring usage. A recent New York Times story, for example, highlights the atmosphere of “open revolt” among consumers whose homes have been subject to Pacific Gas & Electric’s SmartMeter rollout in Northern and Central Caifornia. One of their principal complaints, aired in October at public hearings led by state Senate Majority Leader Dean Florez, is that the new meters are clocking more kilowatts, at higher rates, than customers believe they’re using. Some customers complained that, even though their usage in 2009 had dropped below comparable periods in 2008, they still were receiving higher utility bills.PG&E blamed the higher bills on the especially hot summer, and noted that the company has been applying rates approved by the California Public Utilities Commission. The rates have included increases intended in part to help pay for smart meter installations for both electric and gas usage. By the end of October, about 1.7 million PG&E customers had received SmartMeters for electric service, while 2.3 million had received them for gas service. The utility is expected to spend $2.2 billion on installations overall.Florez and other officials imposed on the CPUC to have the meters audited by an independent firm that will use historical and other data to determine their accuracy.Smart-meter accessoriesCustomer irritation with smart meters – which also has authorities in Connecticut and Texas scrutinizing their performance – is likely going to be only the first of many wrinkles in the development of smart-grid infrastructure. But the growth of smart-grid networks also seems inexorable as utilities both in the U.S. and elsewhere seek ways to reduce their operating costs, pinpoint usage patterns, manage pricing, and fine tune delivery. This month in the U.K., the government announced that every household will have a smart meter by 2020.Other utility-based energy efficiency programs also will be put into play more widely, although they’re unlikely to achieve the ubiquity of the smart meter. We’ve noted in previous posts the possibilities and difficulties inherent in trying to reduce energy consumption with the help of in-home energy monitoring gadgets and consumer-oriented software. It’s a bit early to judge the effectiveness of those offerings, although the use of the OPOWER Home Energy Reporting System, which is designed to tell utility customers how their rates of energy use rank relative to those of other homeowners in their service area, seems to be producing positive results. The operative elements behind the OPOWER service: peer pressure and the desire for social approval.
TFA would like to congratulate and wish luck to all who are representing Australia at the 2007 FIT World Cup, and you have the opportuniy to show your support for the Aussies and do the same.Messages of support and congratulations can be sent to all Aussie players, teams, coaches, and officials currently at the tournament.Send your message by fax to:Protea Hotel Stellenbosch, South AfricaFax: 0015-27-218-809-505
TORONTO – The chief executives of Canada’s five biggest banks collectively earned roughly $53.6 million in the latest fiscal year, up more than seven per cent from a year earlier.But it was a particularly good year for Toronto-Dominion Bank’s chief executive Bharat Masrani, who got a more than 20 per cent increase in total direct compensation to pull in $10.85 million in the twelve months ended Oct. 31, 2017.Still, Royal Bank of Canada’s chief executive Dave McKay was paid the most among his peers with $12.43 million in total direct compensation, up 7.9 per cent from a year earlier, according to the banks’ latest proxy circulars.The rise in total direct compensation — which includes base salary and performance-based incentives — in part reflects the increasing demands for chief executives in the banking industry, said Bill Vlaad, president of financial services recruitment firm Vlaad and Co., which also monitors compensation trends.Financial institutions are now in the midst of a rapid technological shift, he said, as consumers increasingly do transactions online and via mobile phone.“The speed and velocity of change at these firms has been increasing, and to stay on the leading edge has required a lot more stealth by these CEOs,” said Vlaad. “I think it’s been a good time to be a CEO, but it is not for a lack of effort.”The Bank of Nova Scotia’s Brian Porter was second-highest paid at $10.86 million in total direct compensation, marking a 7.4 per cent increase from fiscal 2016.Bank of Montreal’s Bill Downe, who retired from the top role on Oct. 31, was paid $10.5 million in total direct compensation, down roughly one per cent from a year earlier.Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce’s chief executive Victor Dodig received $8.94 million in total direct compensation in 2017, up 1.71 per cent.These pay increases came during a fiscal year where each of the five biggest Canadian lenders reported record annual profits. During that time, these banks collectively earned $40.3 billion in net income for fiscal 2017, up nearly 13 per cent from a year earlier.The banks had benefited from the surprising strength of the Canadian economy, even amid worries about overheated housing markets and the fallout from government steps to cool them down.While these chief executives received a 7.17 increase in collective direct compensation for the fiscal year, they received even more when taking into account other elements such as pension value.Collectively, these five executives earned total compensation for fiscal 2017 of $58.6 million, marking an 8.2 per cent bump from fiscal 2016.McKay received the highest total pay at $13.36 million, followed by Porter at $12.84 million. Masrani’s compensation package was third-highest at $12.44 million, while Downe and Dodig received total pay of $10.53 million and $9.44 million, respectively.
New Delhi: State-owned telecom firm BSNL will approach National Company Law Tribunal this week to recover dues of about Rs 700 crore from Reliance Communications, according to official sources. Earlier, debt-ridden RCom in its plea before the NCLAT said that it wants to voluntarily go back into the insolvency process, as it will help selling its assets in a time bound manner. It had moved the appellate tribunal, seeking directions to the 37 lenders led by SBI to release Rs 260 crore directly to Ericsson. However, lenders of RCom have opposed the plea, saying that it will lead to outgo of public money for settling payment of a private party. “BSNL has aready invoked bank guarantee of around Rs 100 crore submitted by RCom for default on payments. Decision was taken on January 4 by BSNL Chairman and Managing Director Anupam Shrivastava to start legal proceedings against RCom for recovery of dues of around Rs 700 crore,” the sources said. BSNL has roped Singh and Kohli law firm for the suit. The case filing got delayed due to collection of invoices from all circle offices. RCom has been struggling to pay Rs 453 crore out of Rs 550 crore to Ericsson under a settlement reached between the two firms before NCLAT. The Supreme Court has given time till March 19 to RCom Group to make payment to Ericsson, failing which its chairman Anil Ambani will have to serve three month jail term. RCom has already paid Rs 118 crore to Ericsson. It approached the NCLAT to direct SBI to release Rs 260 crore which the company has received as income tax refund in trust and retentionship account held at the public sector bank as it will help company in making payment to Ericsson and purge contempt of court. The NCLAT on Friday declined to issue any direction to SBI and has asked for update on development with regard to payment of Ericsson due on March 19. The tribunal will hear the case of April 8.
Patna: The Modi lahar (wave) of 2014 has degenerated into kahar (disaster) in the last five years and the Mahagathbandhan in Bihar is all set to blow away the BJP- led NDA, actor-turned-politician Shatrughan Sinha claimed here Friday.He said in the neighbouring Uttar Pradesh too, where his wife has been fielded by the SP-BSP combine, though the Congress is contesting separately, the BJP will be similarly swept away. Mahagathbandhan un logon ke parkhachche udaa dega (grand alliance will blow them away), Sinha, who seeks to retain his Patna Sahib seat on a Congress ticket, said at a press conference here on the final day of campaign. Also Read – 2019 most peaceful festive season for J&K: Jitendra SinghHe is pitted against Union minister Ravishankar Prasad in Patna Sahib seat that will see voting on May 19. Lambasting the BJP, which he quit last month ending nearly three decades of association, for claiming that Sinha had been unhappy over not getting a ministerial berth in the Narendra Modi government, the actor, who is fondly called Bihari Babu, quipped this is tantamount to chori oopar se seenazori (commit a wrongdoing and then brazen it out). Let us, for a moment, assume that I had issues over not getting a ministerial berth. Now could the one man show and two man army (a term Sinha has been using to describe the BJP under Modi and Amit Shah) explain why it treated badly stalwarts like L K Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi, he asked.
Ohio State redshirt junior receiver Michael Thomas (3) shakes off Rutgers redshirt freshman cornerback Isaiah Wharton (11) during OSU’s 49-7 win on Oct. 24.Credit: Samantha Hollingshead / Photo EditorIt would be hard for the Ohio State football team to script a better way to begin its lone bye week of the 2015 season.Its first eight weeks of the season had been littered with lackluster outings, despite emerging victorious in every outing.But now, a nearly unblemished performance against Rutgers on Saturday in Piscataway, New Jersey, presides as the backdrop for the Buckeyes as their Week 9 rest gets underway.“It’s definitely what we’ve been waiting for,” junior running back Ezekiel Elliott said following the win. “Coach (Urban) Meyer has been talking about cracking the rock, kind of playing at the potential that we should be playing at.”The Buckeyes, who maintained their No. 1 ranking in the AP Poll and picked up 11 new first-place votes, did not just crack the rock: They broke it to bits.OSU controlled the game from the opening whistle until the clock showed 00:00, blasting the Scarlet Knights 49-7 behind the arm and legs of newly minted starting quarterback J.T. Barrett. The redshirt sophomore threw for 223 yards and three scores while tacking on two more touchdowns and 101 yards on the ground. Elliott added 142 rushing yards and two scores to go along with redshirt junior wide receiver Michael Thomas, who hauled in five passes for 103 yards and a dazzling 55-yard touchdown catch-and-run.The defense dominated, holding Rutgers to just 293 yards, its fewest number of yards gained all season long. The “Silver Bullets” nearly tossed a shutout had it not been for a 10-play, 90-yard touchdown drive with all second-string players on the turf. Even with the garbage time score, the defense looked like the stifling unit it was against Hawaii and Western Michigan.“I think this performance tonight showed not only what our offense is supposed to do but what our whole team is supposed to do,” senior left tackle and captain Taylor Decker said after Saturday’s win. “(I) felt like it was a really complete game.”Stringing together a complete game had eluded OSU up to Saturday’s kickoff. Whether it be the quarterback carousel and a soft run defense or the bevy of turnovers and penalties, something was always missing for the Scarlet and Gray. That trend, however, appears to have been reversed against the Scarlet Knights.The Buckeyes found their guy behind center in Barrett, whose performance led to him being named co-offensive player of the week in the Big Ten, and limited Rutgers to just 104 yards on the ground. The turnovers and penalty woes went by the wayside, too.OSU had just one turnover — an opening-drive fumble from Barrett after he accidentally collided with Thomas as the Buckeyes were nearing the red zone. But “the most impressive thing,” Meyer said, was that OSU was not penalized once during the 60 minutes of action.“That’s definitely a big step for us because if you look at all the games up to here, we had a lot of penalties, a lot of false starts … all that,” Elliott said. “Playing a clean game is great. Those penalties and turnovers kind of hurt our momentum, so when we are able to have our momentum and a roll, it’s a freight train.”Now, the freight train that is the Buckeyes is heading smoothly down the tracks, full of momentum, looking like the team that steamrolled everything in its way during the final games of 2014.“It’s that time of the year where teams either go up or they go down, and we needed to start going up,” redshirt freshman defensive end Sam Hubbard said. “It gives us a great feeling to get our bodies and minds right going into the bye weekend.”With no game on the docket, OSU will take advantage of a light practice schedule to get players back to full strength, as games against Big Ten heavyweights Minnesota, Michigan State and Michigan loom on the horizon. Last season, OSU had two open weeks — the first was on Sept. 20, just three games into the year, while the second was on Oct. 11. But in 2015, the Buckeyes have played in eight straight weeks, which begins to take a toll. “It’s huge,” Decker said of the bye week, noting that starters have played a majority of the reps in most games. “There are some guys dinged up, just some little things here and there. Those just start to add up on you, a bunch of little things.” When the Buckeyes return, closer to full strength, they know the meat of the schedule awaits. But before the more competitive conference clashes begin, OSU will just savor its time off, especially knowing the team turned in its most complete performance of the season. “It will be nice just to get a little rest, get a little time away, just to kind of take a deep breath and then come back locked and loaded ready to go,” Decker said. OSU is scheduled to resume action on Nov. 7 at Ohio Stadium against the Minnesota Golden Gophers. Kickoff is set for 8 p.m.