Six decades to survey East Africa’s flora

first_imgThe primeval Bwindi forests are home to many of the continent’s gorillas. (Image: Wikimedia Commons) The completed series of the Flora of Tropical East Africa.(Image: Dr Henk Beentje) The newly described Solanum polhillii Voronts., a type of wild spiny aubergine named after botanist Roger Polhill, is restricted to partly shaded limestone savanna habitats sheltered from herbivory. (Image: Dr Maria Vorontsova, Kew) MEDIA CONTACTS • Bronwyn Friedlander  PR manager, Kew  +44 20 8332 5607 or +44 788 195 3420 RELATED ARTICLES • Kirstenbosch best place to picnic • Kew shows Africa’s plant wealth • Mount Mabu yields hidden bounty • EC to get first botanical garden • Teaching people to work with natureJanine ErasmusAn epic survey of the flora of tropical East Africa is now complete, 60 years after it began.The study was initiated in 1948 by scientists from the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew, and is known as Flora of Tropical East Africa (FTEA).The survey covered over 12 000 plant species from Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, in habitats ranging from desert to wetland, and at altitudes from sea level to the continent’s highest point – this equates to about 4% of the world’s flora.The Eastern Arc Mountains in Kenya and Tanzania – a chain that starts in the northeast near Mount Kilimanjaro and continues down almost as far as Zambia – the lush coastal forests of Tanzania and Kenya, and the region from Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park across Lake Victoria to the largely untouched Bwindi rainforests in Uganda were areas of particular interest, as they are renowned for the high diversity of both flora and fauna.The Kew Drylands: Africa team, which managed the project and works in 16 sub-Saharan countries, claims the FTEA is the largest regional floral survey ever completed.Over 1 500 of the species uncovered were new to science, according to Kew, and in the last four years alone 114 of this number were described.The first FTEA data were published in 1952, and the final parts of the catalogue were eventually revealed in September 2012.The latter stages of the project were overseen by Dutch botanist Henk Beentje, who also served as current editor of the series. He said at the launch in September of the final volume, that the catalogue is of vital importance not only to conservationists, but to those who work in the fields of forestry, agriculture, horticulture, and wildlife management – now and in the future.With deforestation an ever-present threat, conflicts often arise over the use of land for agriculture versus natural plant growth, Beentje said, and more often than not the natural plant growth will generally lose the fight.“There’s not much we can do about it, except keep conservationists informed as to how to identify the plant, where the plant grows, what its biggest threats are, and how to combat the threats.”Breaking new scientific groundThe project’s original duration was thought to be around 15 years, but scientists soon realised that cataloguing the larger plant families would take time. They also realised that the area’s floral richness and the total number of species growing there had been sorely underestimated, and that a new system of collecting was needed.Now, 60 years later, say the Kew team, the East African area is one of the best collected regions, in terms of floral samples, on the continent – thanks to a large pool of contributors from, among other countries, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, Egypt, Denmark, Zimbabwe, Spain and Poland.The completed survey is invaluable in that it provides checklists of the area’s plant diversity, offers scientists a solid taxonomic base from which to work, and is an important source of data for conservation purposes as it pinpoints the species that are endemic to small areas as well as the areas of high botanical diversity.Besides the contributors from Britain and 20 other countries – 135 authors in total – the work is extensively illustrated by 211 artists. In addition, said Beentje, many more people, including locals, have received training in scientific techniques.“Now all further work on the wild plants of this region will be built on a solid foundation,” he said. “Not just botanical work, but work on local uses by local people, ecology, vegetation work, zoology and, of course, conservation.”The Kew team is also working on a similar project involving Southern African flora, titled Flora Zambesiaca.last_img read more

Food and culture celebrated in District Six cookbook

first_imgDistrict Six Huis Kombuis Food and Memory is a cookbook that combines peoples’ stories with food, a binding force in the community. The District Six Huis Kombuis Food and Memory cookbook combines stories and food from District Six. (Image: Quivertree Publications)Compiled by Priya PitamberDistrict Six Huis Kombuis Food and Memory , a cookbook that’s come from District Six in Cape Town weaves together recipes from the past and a deep sense of culture with fond memories from the people who made and ate the dishes.The Afrikaans part of the title, huis kombuis means “house kitchen”, and the creations contained in the book come from people who lived in District Six, recipes that have been in families for many a generation.“[The title] was inspired by descriptions of kitchens in participants’ homes as being the heart of the home, its central social space,” said Tina Smith, curator of the District Six Museum and lead author of the book.District Six Huis Kombuis: Food and Memory Cookbook pic.twitter.com/NOpmPBJKl3— MountainViewHermanus (@MVHermanus) November 25, 2016Importance of District SixAt the launch of the cookbook in November 2017, Smith described food as a connecting factor, as well as a gateway to District Six.“We are not just presenting a book, it’s our culture. Everything in this cookbook is part of our past. This is not gourmet cuisine, it’s afval [offal], it’s what people had to make from what they had and it became a celebration,” she told news website IOL.“We are celebrating our past, and this book reminds us of our past.”People of all races and religions lived together in District Six, on the doorstep of Cape Town’s city bowl. From the 1800s, it became home to freed slaves, merchants, artisans, labourers and immigrants. But with the advent of the Group Areas Act in 1966, it was declared a whites-only area. Residents were removed and relocated, their houses razed and the vibrant culture of the area destroyed.The launch of the cookbook marked the 50th anniversary of the declaration.Food: at the heart the narrativeThe book is not only filled with recipes, but stories from contributors, former residents of District Six. Many recall cooking simple meals on old stoves, using wood, paraffin or coal for heat.Victoreen Gilbert, who now lives in Newlands, said many households cooked similar meals, and some of the favourite dishes were soup, crayfish curry, bredies [stews] and skaapkop [sheep’s head].“When we were invited to eat at a neighbour’s house, we all would be nodding because the chances were that our mothers made the same food,” Gilbert said.Sylvia Gangert recalled a sweet dish that was popular in District Six, after the fruit truck made its round.“They used to give us the bruised fruits and our moms would stew them and serve it with custard,” Gangert told IOL.“And we had no fridges for jelly. We had to buy blocks of ice and the young men would carry them up the stairs at Bloemhof Flats. Or we used a kitchen cupboard with the mesh door — a spens [pantry] is what they called it.”Mogammat Benjamin fondly remembered how food was often communal. “We also used to share. We ate from everyone — Christian or Muslim. The Christians used to respect the Muslims enough to cook food out of pots and pans which were not tainted.” Muslims do not eat pork nor drink alcohol.The foodRecipes in the book include a variety of meals, from bredies, to koeksisters, and samosas.“Here traditional recipes were brought to life in the rituals of cooking, eating and the sensory exchange at the kitchen table,” said Smith.“Culinary rituals and home craft practices maintained and reinforced deep significances and connections with District Six as a place of home, family and community.”Source: IOLWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Flying V, Cignal nail top two

first_img“We just wanted to do our best so we don’t lose our sharpness going into the playoffs,” said coach Eric Altamirano after the unstoppable Thunder—who are assured of an outright semifinal berth—improved to 9-0 to move within a win of an elimination sweep.Cignal HD joined Flying V in the top two after a 96-89 tripping of Centro Escolar University in the other game.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsJason Perkins delivered 18 points, 10 rebounds and three assists to help the Hawkeyes climb to 8-2 and nail the second seed in the standings.Perkins sparked Cignal’s decisive 10-0 run in the third quarter, turning a 59-60 deficit to a 69-60 lead before fending off the Scorpions’ late rally. —WITH CARLO ANOLIN Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress Football dreams are made of this View comments PBA IMAGESJeron Teng dropped a second straight triple-double for streaking Flying V as Cignal HD secured the last outright semifinals berth in the 2017 PBA D-League Foundation Cup on Tuesday.Teng, the leading MVP candidate, scattered 20 points, 16 rebounds and 10 assists to power the Thunder to a 97-59 rout of Zark’s Burgers at Ynares Sports Arena in Pasig City.ADVERTISEMENT FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games El Nido residents told to vacate beach homes Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo LATEST STORIES Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ MOST READlast_img read more

Man held for giving triple talaq to wife

first_imgGhaziabad: Ghaziabad police, on Monday, have arrested a man for allegedly giving his wife an instant triple talaq from Niwari area.Cops said that the accused was demanding a car in dowry but when his wife’s family failed to fulfil demands, he thrashed her in front of her family and pronounced triple talaq. According to police, the accused has been identified as Imran, a native of Hapur district. “The couple got married in September 2018 and had a one month old daughter. The man works as supervisor in a private company,” said police. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderAs per complaint filed by victim woman, the accused has been demanding a car in dowry soon after the marriage. “Imran’s family had been demanding a car in dowry but when her family failed to fulfil demands, they started demanding Rs 5 lakhs as cash and few other gifts. Very often they used to thrash woman over pity issues and beat her mercilessly. However, the woman came to her parent’s home to get a rid of harassment. A month later, the woman gave birth to a daughter and when Imran came to know about this, he arrived her home and started discussing with her father about the cash and gifts,” the complaint read. Also Read – Two brothers held for snatchings”He didn’t talk about his newly born daughter and continuously demanded for car and gifts. When the woman told him that they cannot fulfil their demands, the accused slapped her in front of her parents and pronounced the word ‘Talaq’ three times to his wife,” the report further said. Meanwhile police have arrested the accused husband and has booked him under relevant sections. “Based on the complaint received, an FIR under the section of 498A (Husband or relative of husband of a woman subjecting her to cruelty), 323 (Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt), 504 (Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace), 506 (Punishment for criminal intimidation), 452 (House-trespass after preparation for hurt, assault or wrong­ful restraint), 307 (attempt to murder) of IPC and relevant section of dowry act and relevant section of Muslim woman (protection of rights on marriage) act 2018 has been registered at Niwadi police station of Ghaziabad,” said Dharmendra Singh, Station House Officer of Niwadi police station. A senior police officer of Ghaziabad police said that this is the first arrest made in Ghaziabad district since the triple talaq bill has passed.last_img read more

How Injuries To Steph Curry And Chris Paul Affect The Playoffs

It’s been a bad couple of days for MVP-caliber point guards.On Monday afternoon, Warriors fans waiting for the results of the MRI on Stephen Curry’s right knee got their answer: Curry will miss at least two weeks with a Grade 1 MCL sprain, according to the Warriors’ PR Twitter account. CLE233525+2 HOU000— Regardless of how long Curry is out, the biggest beneficiaries of his injury are obviously the San Antonio Spurs. Their title odds jump by about 23 percentage points if Curry doesn’t play from here on out and 6 percentage points even if he is back in action after the conference semifinals. One reason is simple: The Curry-less Warriors pose far less of a threat to the Spurs than the 73-win superteam San Antonio battled all season. But the Spurs also benefit disproportionately from an increased chance, however small, that Golden State could be knocked out before ever facing San Antonio.Before Paul’s injury, the Clippers were in position to profit from Curry’s absence. If Curry missed the entire second round and CP3 had been healthy, LA’s chances of winning the title would have roughly quadrupled. But without Paul, the Clippers have very little chance of going all the way, regardless of Curry’s status — the latest in a string of missed opportunities for the franchise over the past few seasons.Finally, it’s worth noting that the second-biggest leap in title probability if Curry is absent for the rest of the playoffs belongs to the Cleveland Cavaliers, whose chances of winning the championship go up 12 percentage points even though they couldn’t be affected by the injury until the NBA Finals. (For those curious, the plus-minus-based system I used in this article is higher on the Cavs than something like our Elo ratings, because plus-minus thinks Cleveland is more talented than how it’s played the past few seasons.)Of course, all these calculations can change if Curry is able to return — and play like himself — at some point in the Warriors’ playoff run. The sheer gravity of Golden State’s presence in the bracket has been enough to derail the Spurs’ and Cavs’ claims to favorite status all season long. So best-case, the Warriors weather the second round against the Blazers or depleted Clippers and then pick up where they left off with Curry back for the conference finals. But if his return is delayed or scrubbed entirely, the Warriors’ chances of defending their title will look more fragile than Curry’s knee. ATL122+1 OKC5149+4 CHA011+1 GS52538-14 BOS000— TEAMFULL CURRYNO CURRYCURRY OUT 2 WKSDIFF., 2 WEEKS AND FULL TOR233+1 POR000— Meanwhile, the Los Angeles Clippers were hit with even worse injury news Monday night. Chris Paul broke his hand and will likely miss the remainder of the postseason.The good news for Golden State is that Curry hasn’t been ruled out for the rest of the playoffs, particularly if the Warriors advance beyond the second round. The bad news is that he’s out for the time being. So for each team still active in the playoffs, let’s game out the chances they’ll win the title depending on various (hypothetical) levels of Curry participation over the rest of the playoffs.For this exercise, I’m going to use the plus-minus metric that drives our CARMELO projections1Specifically, I’m using a 50-50 blend of ESPN’s Real Plus-Minus and Basketball-Reference.com’s Box Plus/Minus, according to research by FiveThirtyEight editor-in-chief Nate Silver. to generate Pythagorean ratings for the Warriors based on Curry’s availability. With Curry in the lineup, for instance, the metric says the Warriors possess roughly 67-win true talent (per 82 games) based on plus-minus; with Curry absent, that number falls to 53 wins. Those numbers can then be used to generate expected probabilities of advancing in the playoffs, all the way up to winning the NBA title.(Obviously this ignores all the ways in which matchups matter, as well as the dynamic effect of teammates’ playing together that isn’t captured by plus-minus. But as a rough cut, this method ought to do the trick.)Here’s how each team’s title odds would change if Curry played at full strength and had never been injured (specifically, logging 81 percent of the Warriors’ available minutes — the rate at which he played in last year’s playoffs), if he misses “two weeks” (which we’ll define here as being out until the conference finals), and if he doesn’t play at all: IND000— LAC000— Source: ESPN, Basketball-Reference.com Which teams benefit from Curry’s absence? ODDS OF WINNING TITLE WITH … SA16%39%22%+6 MIA000— VIDEO: Neil Paine on the Warriors’ and Spurs’ title chancesCheck out FiveThirtyEight’s 2016 NBA Playoff Predictions. read more

Whats next for Hitch

With Ken Hitchcock having been dispatched by the Columbus Blue Jackets, the question remains: What’s next for the Edmonton, Alberta native?The immediate answer is the Olympics. But as far as a future coaching position in the NHL, the answer isn’t so clear.“My focus right now is obviously on the Olympics,” Hitchcock said in a press conference last Thursday.Hitchcock will join Red Wings coach Mike Babcock’s staff coaching the Canadian team. The Olympics in Vancouver will be Hitchcock’s third stint with the Canadian team, having coached them in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 2006 and Nagano, Japan, in 2002.Following the Olympics, there’s no doubt teams will be interested in Hitchcock’s services. The stoic 58-year-old has 500 career wins as an NHL coach. Hitchcock has also led three teams to the playoffs, including a Stanley Cup Championship in 1999, when he was coaching Dallas.However, Hitchcock isn’t sure he’ll jump back into coaching, as he did after being fired twice previously.After being let go by Dallas, Hitchcock immediately joined forces with the Philadelphia Flyers. And similarly, when he was cut loose by the Flyers, he was quickly picked up by the Jackets. But this time around the veteran Hitchcock says it might be different.“I’m not going to jump at the first job opportunity,” Hitchcock said. He went on to explain that he’s been in almost every coaching situation, from Stanley Cup contenders to teams building from the ground up. This time, Hitchcock says, the scenario would have to be perfect.“I think if it’s the right situation I would like to look at it,” Hitchcock said. But he also said he’s not rushing into anything, due in part to his connection to the Blue Jackets organization.“I feel a very personal obligation to the McConnell family and [Jackets president] Mike Priest,” Hitchcock said. “I have a contractual obligation, but it goes beyond that with Mike and myself. I feel like I started something here.”Hitchcock’s contract runs through 2011-2012, during which time he is due $1.33 million per year. But as he said, his ties are deeper than that. It’s believed Blue Jackets management will look to retain Hitchcock as an adviser if he doesn’t find work elsewhere this season. While that might create an awkward situation for all involved, a management position might be appealing to Hitchcock.“The next move I’d like to make is an organizational one,” Hitchcock said. “I don’t want to just be a coach. I’d like a long-term relationship.” read more

Luis Enrique excited to play at mythical Wembley

first_imgLuis Enrique says Wembley Stadium is the perfect venue for him to make his debut as Spain manager.Spain will play England at Wembley on Saturday evening, as new Spain manager Luis Enrique is looking forward to making his debut in the ‘mythical’ stadium.“I like adrenalin so I love the prospect of playing England here at Wembley which is the perfect place,” Luis Enrique told reporters in the pre-match press conference.“I know there will be difficulties and challenges but it is just great to be here. I’m looking forward to training tonight and I’m looking forward to playing in this unique and mythical football stadium.”Sergio Ramos, Real MadridZidane reveals Sergio Ramos injury concern for Real Madrid Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane has put Sergio Ramos’ availability for Real Madrid’s trip to Sevilla next weekend in doubt after withdrawing him against Levante.Enrique lavished praise on Sergio Ramos and hoped he could rely on his services in the future.“He (Ramos) is the captain because he is the most capped player in our national team,” Enrique said.“He has, of course, got a great personality and a great presence on the pitch. You’ve all seen Ramos competing, he is just a fantastic player and he is a great player on and off the pitch.“I’m delighted to have him and I hope he stays with us for many years and he keeps pushing his team-mates – on and off the pitch – to victory.”last_img read more

Pochettino jokes that Spurs chairman is worried hell lose him

first_imgSpurs boss Pochettino has been linked to clubs like Manchester United and Real Madrid since arriving at Tottenham in 2014.Mauricio Pochettino joked that Tottenham chairman Daniel Levy is “worried” that he’ll lose his services to other elite clubs. The Argentine coach has yet to win a trophy with the Spurs but just led Tottenham to a 1-1 Champions League draw against Barcelona that secured their spot in the knockout stages of the tournament.“Daniel [Levy] does not laugh. I know it gets boring but he maybe is worried, he is concerned. It is normal. It is not nice for Daniel to hear all that history of course,” he told UK newspapers, according to FourFourTwo.Victor Wanyama, Tottenham Hotspur, Premier LeaguePochettino admits Wanyama remains in his Spurs plans Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Kenyan international, Victor Wanyama, was the protagonist of a summer transfer saga, but in the end, he is set to stay at Tottenham Hotspur.“Do I have to reassure him? No. It is like in football when the sporting director or the club president says, ‘No, the manager is going to be here and we trust in him’, and next game [he is] out.“If you reassure something it is because you are thinking different things. He is a worried man because he is jealous about me.”last_img read more

Pulisic privileged to have joined legendary Chelsea

first_imgChristian Pulisic is proud to have completed a transfer to Chelsea and is looking forward to joining his new team next seasonThe USA forward has completed a €64m transfer to Chelsea today but will spend the remainder of this term on loan at current club Borussia Dortmund.Across the past two years, Pulisic has developed into one of the most exciting young talents in Europe right now after impressing at Germany.The 20-year-old had been linked with moves to Liverpool and Tottenham in the past, but Chelsea ultimately won the race for his services.Now Pulisic can’t wait to get started at Stamford Bridge and fulfil his dream of playing Premier League football.“In summer I move on to Chelsea and to a new competition, the English Premier League,” Pulisic told the Chelsea website.Harry Maguire, Manchester UnitedLiverpool legend Nicol slams Harry Maguire’s Man United form Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Steve Nicol believes Harry Maguire has made some “horrendous mistakes” recently, and has failed to find his best form since joining Manchester United.“It’s a privilege to have signed for such a legendary club and I look forward to working hard towards being a contributor to their team of world-class players.”Chelsea director Marina Granovskaia added: ‘We are delighted to have signed one of Europe’s most sought-after young players.“Christian has shown his quality during a fantastic spell in Germany and at just 20, we believe he has the potential to become an important Chelsea player for many years to come.“We look forward to welcoming him to Stamford Bridge in the summer and wish him and Dortmund every success for the remainder of the season.”Pulisic has managed 15 goals and 24 assists in 115 appearances for Dortmund across all competitions.last_img read more

SIPT Wraps up Court on Break til February 15

first_img Related Items:andrew mitchell, mike misick, myrtle rigby health complex, robin auld, Sipt Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp TCI: Judge rules there is ‘a case’; all nine defendants will go to trial in September Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 08 Feb 02016 – The opening statement at the SIPT trial is delivered; today Andrew Mitchell, QC for the Crown wrapped up a two week presentation which has brought much shock and awe. The allegations against the accused, some have reflected, were even more detailed and startling than the information revealed in the 2009 commission of inquiry. Mitchell from the get go said he would not even need to refer to the Robin Auld led inquiry to build his case. The two weeks did not go without a battle; the defendant in protest, former premier Michael Misick challenged the website where the opening statements by Mitchell are published; he tried to get a mistrial declared after developer and Sandals owner, Butch Stewart issued a media statement which confirmed his company’s payment to Mike Misick, as the lead defendant and there was even concern for the defendants’ safety when a civilian issued a death threat, reportedly, against Misick outside of the courthouse last week. Now that Andrew Mitchell is done with what he will aim to prove once the trial continues, there is a break. The proceedings at the Myrtle Rigby health complex resume on Monday, February 15, 2016. Thorne, QC maintains SIPT Trial is political vendetta Recommended for you SIPT Opening Statement brings anticipation for evidence, Proceedings resume todaylast_img read more