Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By David Marrison, Ohio State University ExtensionThe Current Agricultural Use Valuation (CAUV) program allows farmland devoted exclusively to commercial agriculture to be taxed based on their value in agriculture, rather than the full market value, resulting in a substantially lower tax bill for the farmer.The formula for CAUV values incorporates agricultural factors (soil types, yields, prices, and non-land costs for corn, soybeans, and wheat) to calculate the capitalized net returns to farming land based on the previous 5 to 10 years. CAUV underwent large-scale changes to its calculation in 2017 that was targeted to reduce the property tax burden of farmland.A new report, Ohio CAUV Values Projected to Decline Through 2020, shows the projection of CAUV values though 2020. According to the study authors, OSU agricultural economists Robert Dinterman and Ani Katchova forecast a decrease in the assessed value of agricultural land to an average CAUV value of approximately $600 in 2020.Access this report at:https://aede.osu.edu/sites/aede/files/publication_files/CAUVProjectionsFall2019.pdf.
Kuldeep Kumar, 46, a businessman in Batala, worries that Punjab could slip back into the dark days of terrorism and violence. He clearly remembers those days nearly two decades ago when blasts, shootouts, abductions and extortions were everyday affairs. “These were routine. Whether it killed 10 or 20, we were,Kuldeep Kumar, 46, a businessman in Batala, worries that Punjab could slip back into the dark days of terrorism and violence. He clearly remembers those days nearly two decades ago when blasts, shootouts, abductions and extortions were everyday affairs. “These were routine. Whether it killed 10 or 20, we were too scared to talk because anyone could be a sympathiser (of terrorists) or a police informer.” A hard working dyed-in-the-wood Punjabi, he shifted to Haryana in 1991 but never felt at home there and came back when peace returned in 2000, after nearly two decades of sectarian violence.Bhindranwale merchandise is selling briskly throughout the state.Anyone who has lived through those terrible times which claimed 36,000 lives will shudder at the depressing thought of their lives going topsy-turvy if terrorism were to make a comeback. But it’s disquieting when Intelligence Bureau Director Rajiv Mathur says that inimical agencies abroad are attempting to “reactivate Sikh terrorist elements, forge a nexus between Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) and terror groups like Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) and Khalistan Zindabad Force (KZF), and mobilise their resources for planning terrorist violence in Punjab and elsewhere in the country”.Or when Union Minister Ajay Maken, whose uncle Lalit Maken, a budding Congress leader, fell to terrorist bullets in 1985, says that Khalistani groups are trying to regroup and revive terrorism. Recently, Punjab’s Director-General of Police P.S. Gill wrote to the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), listing the increasing activities of terrorists and said that they have now set up a new base in Malaysia and are sending arms and men to carry out terror strikes. He told India Today: “Attempts are being made to revive terrorism in the state. As long as there’s unrest in neighbouring Pakistan, militants from across the border will keep coming here to spread terror.”advertisementBhindranwale merchandiseThere is not a hint of exaggeration in Gill’s statement. The last three months have seen the recovery of 30 kg of RDX and other explosives in the state. Terrorists owing allegiance to several Khalistani outfits have been arrested in the state and elsewhere, and even as far away in Frankfurt, Germany. Police investigations show more are in hiding and waiting for the right opportunity to strike. Intelligence inputs suggest that a major strike can take place any time, violent incidents can happen, and cities and towns could be a terror target.If terrorism thrived in the 80s and till the early 90s, it was largely because of the support and sympathy that the movement and its masters enjoyed in the state. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale’s venom-spewing speeches impacted impressionable minds. For several years, his followers refused to believe that he had died during Operation Bluestar in 1984. Now, 26 years after his death, the militant leader is staging a comeback of sorts.From Chandigarh to Amritsar, youngsters are beginning to sport T-shirts that have his pictures emblazoned across the chest; his posters and stickers are pasted on the windscreens of hundreds of humble Maruti 800s and even SUVs throughout the state. In campuses across the state, his posters adorn the walls of hostel rooms. “These T-shirts are selling like hotcakes and books and CDs are vanishing fast off the shelves,” says Dilbagh Singh, who is raking in the moolah selling Bhindranwale merchandise outside the Golden Temple in Amritsar.”Attempts are on to revive terrorism in the state. As long as there is unrest in Pakistan, militants from across the border will keep coming here to spread terror.”P.S. Gill, DGP, Punjab Is it just a style statement, as optimists would like to believe, or is it something more serious? “It’s a fashion statement rather than a political statement, and it’s a trivialisation of Bhindranwale,” avers Pramod Kumar, director of Chandigarh-based Institute of Development and Communication. “There is no ideological grooming, no political nurturing and no social acceptability of terrorism. A revival is ruled out.” A senior police official argues, “These youngsters are too young to know what the state went through during terrorism days. They are just wearing his t-shirts for style’s sake.”Talk about the revival of the violent movement and you are promptly dismissed whether you are in town or a village, whether you are chatting to an educated or a semi-literate person, a moderate or a fundamentalist. Talk of revival of violence and the radicals surely don’t stay unprovoked. Yes, they are unhappy and there is unrest even if their numbers are not much. Many in the community feel that justice has been denied to the victims of the 1984 riots. But most of them don’t seek Khalistan or violent means to any end.advertisementThe issue has sparked a tussle between the Centre and the state government with Punjab’s Akali regime pressing for deletion of names of people from the Centre’s “black list”, which includes former militants. Many of them were blacklisted and denied Indian visas for their involvement in the pro-Khalistan activities while being foreign citizens.While the Centre has named 169 people in its latest list, the Punjab Government argues that only 28 out of them had any case registered against them and others could not be classified as militants and thus deserved to be removed from the list. A senior police official says they are open to this idea as this would only allow the state to try them according to the law for being involved in unlawful activities, even though the MHA is believed to be not very keen on this proposal. The black list was prepared by the Government during the days of terrorism to identify Khalistan activists in foreign lands.”If the Government stops certain Dera chiefs from preaching against Sikhism, Punjab can be saved from another period of turmoil,” says Navkiran Singh, human rights advocate. “Punjab’s political machinery was overheated in those days. Terrorism would not find same kind of acceptance in same quarters,” says Dipankar Gupta, sociologist and member of the Punjab Governance Reforms Commission.One of Bhindranwale’s oft quoted statement was “jehra Sikh hai, oh darda nahi; jehra darda, oh Sikh nahi” (the Sikh is not scared; if he is scared, he is not a Sikh). But as more and more people are arrested from places far and wide, the people of Punjab worry on a dark chapter being reopened again in the state.Arms and the MenThree Babbar Khalsa international members who were arrested at Patiala on March 26.Recent arrests of militants and seizures of explosives and arms underline the attempt to revive terrorism in the stateAugust 29: A police party recovers 18 hand grenades near Rampura village in Fazilka, Ferozepur district. No arrests made so far in this case.August 17: Two Punjab- based terrorists of the Khalistan Zindabad Force, Gurmeet Singh alias Bagga of Jalandhar and Bhupinder Singh alias Bhinda from Hoshiarpur, are arrested in Frankfurt by German authorities for hatching a conspiracy to eliminate Baba Gurinder Singh, head of the Radha Soami Satsang Beas Dera, on July 28 in Vienna.July 28: Amritsar Police arrest five Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) terrorists who are alleged to have links with terrorists-Narain Singh alias Chaura and Sukhdev Singh Chira. Pal Singh, Kulwant Singh, Gurmukh Singh, Jagtar Singh and Darshan Singh Dhadi are held with two AK-47 rifles, five magazines and 420 live cartridges.July 24: The Khanna Police arrest two suspected terrorists-Gurmail Singh and Kulbir Singh-and seize 250g of RDX and two detonators from their possession. The duo are believed to be aides of dreaded militant and mastermind of Ludhiana Shingar cinema bomb blast, Harminder Singh.June 10: Twenty detonators, 6 kg of RDX, 10 timer devices and 60 metres of fuse wire, besides 2 kg of heroin, smuggled in from Pakistan a few days ago, are seized on the Attari bypass in Amritsar. Sher Singh, Malkiat Singh, Paramjit Singh, Nirmal Singh and Balwinder Singh arrested.advertisementMay 30: Amritsar Police arrest hardcore terrorist Bakhshish Singh alias Baba associated with the Khalistan Liberation Force from Amritsar. Baba was carrying a reward of Rs 6 lakh on his head.May 8: The police recovered 1.8 kg of explosive material fitted with detonator from an abandoned car parked outside an eating joint at Railway Link Road, near Circuit House in Amritsar.March 26: Three members of the banned terrorist outfit BKI-Kulwant Singh, Variyan Singh and Bhupinder Singh-arrested from Patiala district. These three terrorists are found with two pistols and cartridges.